Site name
Toponym(s) of the site

Afozzigiar III


A large rock shelter known as Afozzigiar III located at the end of a right branch of the Wadi Afozzigiar near Site ID 678. Several fallen boulders are found in front of the wall: one of them contains some kettles on its upper surface and two parallel snake-shaped lines on its vertical face. The shelter’s vault is covered with pictograms in the Round Heads and Pas- toral style reproduced on a composite chipboard panel in the Mori Collection. The state of conservation of the rock surface is critical owing to exfoliation, the presence of Hymenoptera nests, and other natural activities that affected the paintings. Wetting, tracing with graphite, and old conservation attempts have further damaged the artworks. Although a few subjects are still visible, the overall composition is extensively damaged. Different layers with painting and some figurative clusters are still fairly visible, but their relative chronology is far from being clear. On the vault, we can see a layer of red subjects with occasional whitish detailing (Panel 1). On the left end side, at least five human figures are represented bent forward as if in movement (Panel 6). The largest human seems to be wearing a skirt and holding a circular object in his hand. In the center of the vault there is a barely visible red and striped human (Panel 3); ad- ditional subjects, possibly from the same layer, are located on the right end side of the painted area. These paintings comprise a female either sitting on a circular carpet or wearing a skirt, two unintelligible subjects likely representing males, and other unidentifiable objects (Panel 6). On the vault’s left side, the second figurative cluster includes at least five white humans with red detailing probably engaged in gathering activities (Panel 2). A further painting layer contains humans and a few indeterminate red animals distributed throughout the surface. On one of the vault’s lower registers, a group of at least six white-contoured anthropomorphic figures filled in red sitting with their arms raised and holding red headdresses (Panel 4). Other, barely visible motifs include at least one giraffe, a few cattle, and other unidentified zoomorphic figures. The two best-preserved figures are located on the vault’s right top side: a large shapeless red motif seemingly attributable to the Round Heads style (Panel 7) as well as a large red human holding a long stick (Panel 5).