Site name
Toponym(s) of the site

Anshal IV-V


A small rock shelter located on the first terrace above the left bank of the Wadi Anshal next to Site ID 639, not far from a guelta. The site, now blocked by huge fallen boulders, shows traces of archaeological deposit, lithic artifacts, and kettles. The back wall contains several paintings that were partially reproduced on three individual panels now in the Mori Collection and a series of highly eroded petroglyphs mostly documented on the fallen boulders’ surfaces and on the wall. The state of conservation is critical owing to natural and anthropo- genic processes. The first mostly involve deep exfoliation, while the elated to reproduction activities (wetting and tracingwith graphite). Traces of paint are visible all over the surface although, in many cases, the motifs are no longer decipherable. At least eight panels with Round Heads and Pastoral motifs can be seen on the back wall. On the left side of the wall, the first two panels include red human figures represented in a group (Panel 1) or as isolated subjects (Panel 2) and possibly connected with hunting activities. In the central area behind the main fallen slab the wall was probably full of paintings only partially preserved. On the left, a group of several red humans seems to represent a dance scene (Panel 3). On the right, an elongated red human is represented next to a highly stylized, red-contoured Barbary sheep with a possible yellowish/greenish filling (Panel 4). Below, traces of painting are unrecognizable except for a red-contoured human on the right end side (Panel 5). An additional panel on the right contains two white-contoured and carved zoomorphic figures with red fillings possibly representing two Barbary sheep (Panel 6). Other unrecognizable motifs are painted on the left (Panel 7). On the right, on a wall between Site ID 639 and 640 we can see a panel with a very faded painting possibly representing zoomorphic figures (horns of at least two Barbary sheep?) and a dense cluster of highly eroded ichthyomorphic petroglyphs (Panel 8).